This rating allows you to fly multi-engine aircraft. Typically this phase of training is completed after the commercial certificate, but you may also add the rating to a private pilot certificate.
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A class rating is an allowance to fly a certain group of aircraft that require training common to all aircraft within the group. A type rating is specified if a particular aircraft requires additional specialized training beyond the scope of initial license and aircraft class training. What aircraft require a type rating is decided by the local aviation authority. Almost all single engine piston (SEP) or multi engine piston (MEP) single pilot aircraft can be flown without a type rating, but are covered by a class rating instead. An exception to this under Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) regulations is the piston version of the Piper Malibu.
There are seven categories of aircraft, which may be further subdivided into two or more classes:
- Single-engine land class
- Multi-engine land class
- Multi-engine class aircraft are more commonly known as "multis," and their pilots are called "multi pilots" or "multi-engine pilots."
- Pilots of larger multi-engine aircraft are sometimes called transport pilots, although mostly in the realm of military aviation (see the article on military transport aircraft). The term transport pilot can be ambiguous in civil aviation, since the Airline Transport Pilot License is a very specific civil qualification.
- Single-engine sea class - Pilots of all sea class aircraft are usually called "seaplane pilots" or "float-plane pilots"
- Multi-engine sea class
- Helicopter class
- Gyroplane class
Powered lift category
lighter than air category
- Airship class
- Balloon class
Powered parachute category
- Powered parachute land class
- Powered parachute sea class
Weight-shift-control aircraft category
- Weight-shift-control aircraft land class
- Weight-shift-control aircraft sea class
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